The 6 major elements of CNC machine is
Input Device: This element allows the user to input the necessary commands and data into the machine. The input device can include a keyboard, a mouse, a joystick, or any other type of input device that allows the user to interact with the machine.
Machine Control Unit (MCU): This is the brain of the CNC machine. It receives the instructions from the input device and controls the movement of the machine's components. The MCU consists of a microprocessor, memory, and other electronic components that work together to execute the instructions.
Drive System: The drive system is responsible for moving the machine's components according to the instructions given by the MCU. It consists of motors, gears, and other mechanical components that work together to move the machine's axis.
Spindle: The spindle is the rotating component of the CNC machine that holds the cutting tool. It spins at high speeds and allows the cutting tool to remove material from the workpiece.
Tool Changer: This element is responsible for changing the cutting tool as needed during the machining process. It can be an automatic or manual tool changer, depending on the type of CNC machine.
Worktable: The worktable is the surface on which the workpiece is placed and held securely in place during the machining process. It can be horizontal or vertical, depending on the type of CNC machine and the requirements of the machining process.