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What are the 7 categories of machine tool?

July 12, 2023

The machine tool industry is diverse and encompasses various types of machines used for different manufacturing processes. While there is no universally agreed-upon categorization, I can provide you with a commonly recognized set of categories for machine tools:

  1. Turning Machines: These machines are used for the turning or rotational machining of workpieces. They include lathes, CNC (Computer Numerical Control) lathes, and screw machines.

  2. Milling Machines: Milling machines are used to remove material from a workpiece using rotary cutters. They can perform various operations, including face milling, end milling, and drilling. Examples include vertical milling machines, horizontal milling machines, and CNC milling machines.

  3. Drilling Machines: Drilling machines are designed for creating holes in workpieces. They come in different configurations such as upright drilling machines, radial drilling machines, and bench drilling machines.

  4. Grinding Machines: These machines are used to remove material through abrasive action, achieving high surface finish and dimensional accuracy. Types of grinding machines include surface grinders, cylindrical grinders, and centerless grinders.

  5. Shaping Machines: Shaping machines are used to produce flat surfaces and irregular shapes on workpieces. They operate by linearly reciprocating the cutting tool. Planer machines and slotting machines fall into this category.

  6. Sawing Machines: Sawing machines are used for cutting materials, typically metal or wood, using a toothed blade. Examples include band saws, circular saws, and hacksaws.

  7. Boring Machines: Boring machines are used for enlarging or producing holes with high precision. They can be horizontal or vertical and may include horizontal boring mills, jig borers, and deep hole drilling machines.

It's important to note that these categories are not exhaustive, and there are other specialized machine tools used for specific applications. Additionally, advancements in technology have led to the development of hybrid machines that combine functionalities from multiple categories, blurring the traditional boundaries.

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