Send Message
Up to 5 files, each 10M size is supported. OK
News Get a Quote
Home - News - What is the Cutting Speed of CNC Turning?

What is the Cutting Speed of CNC Turning?

August 30, 2023

What is the Cutting Speed of CNC Turning?


CNC turning is a popular machining process that involves the rotation of a workpiece on a lathe while a cutting tool removes material to create the desired shape. The cutting speed, a crucial parameter in CNC turning, directly affects the efficiency and quality of the machining operation. In this article, we will explore the concept of cutting speed in CNC turning and address three important questions to gain a comprehensive understanding.

Question 1: What Determines the Cutting Speed in CNC Turning?

The cutting speed in CNC turning is determined by two primary factors:

  1. Rotational Speed: The rotational speed of the workpiece, typically measured in revolutions per minute (RPM). The speed at which the workpiece rotates influences the relative speed between the cutting tool and the material, thus affecting the rate of material removal.

  2. Workpiece Diameter: The diameter of the workpiece being machined. Larger diameters result in different surface speeds at the cutting edge compared to smaller diameters. As a result, the cutting speed needs to be adjusted accordingly.

Question 2: How is Cutting Speed Calculated in CNC Turning?

The cutting speed in CNC turning can be calculated using the following formula:


Here, the diameter is measured in the same units as the rotational speed (e.g., inches or millimeters). The cutting speed is usually expressed in surface feet per minute (SFPM) or meters per minute (m/min).

Question 3: What Factors Influence the Optimal Cutting Speed?

Several factors influence the determination of the optimal cutting speed in CNC turning:

  1. Material Type: Different materials, such as steel, aluminum, or titanium, have varying cutting speed recommendations due to variations in their hardness and machinability.

  2. Tool Material and Coating: The type of cutting tool material and its coating influence the recommended cutting speed. Harder tool materials can withstand higher cutting speeds, while coatings can enhance tool life and cutting performance.

  3. Depth of Cut and Tool Geometry: The depth of cut and tool geometry affect the cutting forces and heat generation. These factors can limit the cutting speed to prevent tool wear, deflection, or excessive heat buildup.


In conclusion, the cutting speed in CNC turning is a critical parameter that must be carefully determined to ensure efficient material removal and achieve desired machining results. It is influenced by rotational speed, workpiece diameter, and a variety of other factors including material type, tool material, coating, depth of cut, and tool geometry. By understanding and optimizing the cutting speed, manufacturers can enhance productivity, tool life, and the overall quality of CNC turning operations.

latest company news about What is the Cutting Speed of CNC Turning?  0